The two leaders spoke on the phone following the test, with Trump reaffirming support for regional allies Japan and South Korea and Abe calling the launch "new threat from North Korea".
A day before the meeting of leaders of the world's two largest economies, Donald Trump and Xi Jinping, he ordered the launch of a ballistic missile, which fell into Japanese waters.
The missile was sacked at a high angle and reached an altitude of 189 km (117 miles), the official said.
The launch came amid worries that North Korea might soon conduct banned nuclear or long-range rocket tests.
Multiple top-ranking military and intelligence officials told the news source that another option presented to Trump by the National Security Council is an operation to kill the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.
The European Union asked North Korea to "cease its provocations and to abandon all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programs", and to begin talks with the global community.
US officials reportedly determined that the missile was a medium-range Scud ER (extended range) and suffered an in-flight failure.
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Robinson is the top officer at U.S. Northern Command and the North American Aerospace Defense Command in Colorado.
In response, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson only offered a 23-word statement: "North Korea launched yet another intermediate range ballistic missile".
"Most of the (North Korean) players looked like they cried so it was hard for us to approach them after the game", said South Korean blueliner Park Ye-Eun.
"If we push the button, the bombs will be fired and reduce the U.S.to ashes", an editorial in the ruling Workers' Party newspaper the Rodong Sinmun said on Wednesday.
TOKYO/SEOUL Diplomatic and economic measures taken to rein in North Korea's missile programme have not had the desired effect, a senior US military commander said on Thursday after the North's latest test triggered a flurry of calls among world leaders. "China will either decide to help us with North Korea, or they won't".
Meanwhile, Trump made headlines earlier this week by asserting in an interview in the Financial Times that the USA would act alone against North Korea if China fails to engage. -South Korea military drills, which the North sees as a preparation for war.
But Washington may have a range of military options it could scale to increasing threats from North Korea. Earlier in March, North Korea fired four ballistic missiles that flew about 1,000 kilometers (620 miles), with three of them landing in waters that Japan claims as its exclusive economic zone.